This thesis project aims to apply computational modeling and simulation techniques in the process of architectural design. The framework is constructed to facilitate a more analytical approach towards architectural design. Specifically focusing on a design approach referred to as Iterative Virtual Prototyping (IVP). It is a cyclical process of design modification, simulation and the feedback of results.The IVP process goes through a generative phase (the bigger loop) and then a predictive phase (the smaller loop).
The drawing shows how the IVP process will be apply throughout the design process.
Project Title:An Emergent Neighbourhood
This thesis project will narrow down and focus its scope on the issue of public housing in Singapore. After a series of research on density of public housing, it shows that there is possibility of building low then always going higher and higher. Thus, I look at the possibility of building low-rise high density housing and the possibilities it will be able to offer by staying low.
The series of studies conducted to investigate the density issue. Is it a must to build high-rise ? The studies show there is possibility to stay low-rise and still accomodate the density required by using a coutyard form layout. This finding raise a question what would low- rise housing offer more to high-rise ? Stronger relationship to street level activities, free from more stringent M&E and structural constraint, this would enable a higher possibility of adaptive usage to public housing in Singapore.
Studies were conducted to look into the design of an adaptive housing which allows for changes through time. According to a hdb survey the average stay of its occupant in an estate is about 8 – 9 years. I speculate its is mainly due to the rigidity of HDB flats as it could not cater for the changing need of a family. In order for a sense of place to develop, one needs to be able to stay in a neighbourhood long enough to develop feelings for the place. As oppose to the current trend of going higher and higher up (e.g. Duxton plain, Dawson estate, Toa Payoh central), low rise was investigated. In particular , the adaptiveness a low rise could offer.
The result of this approach will be an emergent neighbourhood. The end product of the design is not a definitive form, but a series of master rules and parameters to regulate the flexibility, expansion and subtraction of each unit. It is important to set specific rules to ensure the expansion and subtraction do not deprive other occupants of their daylight, ventilation or views. The next step would be to determine the various rules and parameters, by conducting the IVP process. A range of parameter could be determine, e.g. the daylight studies conducted inform me that the depth of a housing unit can be from 5m to 7m to maximise daylight efficiency. This would limit the expansion of the width of a housing unit to within a certain limit of width.
Site : Punggol new town
The site serve as a vechicle to illustrate the typology mentioned. A series of mapping were done.